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Citation Manuals

Works Cited Basic Rules

A works-cited list should be included at the end of your research paper after any endnotes. All entries in the works-cited list must correspond to the works cited in your main text.

  • Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end of your research paper. The heading, Works Cited, should be centered one inch from the top of the page. If there is only one work in the list, call it Work Cited.  
  • Double-space between the heading and the first entry.
  • Each entry should be flush against the left margin.
  • For entries that run longer than a sentence, indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent.
  • Double-space the entire list.

Image source: MLA Sample Works Cited Page, Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

Books

One Author:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book.  Publisher, Publication Date.

Two Authors:

Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name. Title of Work.  Publisher, Publication Date.

More than Two Authors:

Last Name, First Name, et al. Title of Work. Publisher, Publication Date. 

Unknown Author:

Title of Work. Publisher, Publication Date. 

Short Stories

Short Story from Edited Collection:

Last name, First name. “Story Title.” Book Title, edited by Editor first name Last name, vol, Publisher, Year, pp.

Short Story from Author's Collection:

Last name, First name. “Story Title.” Book Title, Publisher, Year, pp.

Journal Articles

Journal Article in a Database with DOI

Last Name,  First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, vol. no, year, pp. Source, DOI.

Journal Article in a Database with a Permalink

Last Name,  First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, vol. no, year, pp. Source, Permalink.

References

 MLA Handbook, Ninth Edition. Modern Language Association of America, 2021.