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Citation Manuals

Books with Editor(s)

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        
General Format:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR). Title of chapter. In Editor's First Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Title of the book. Place of Publication: Publishing Company.
Book with editor(s) and
author(s)   
(Martin, 1978)

Martin, E. W. (1978). The theory of care. In A. Ruskin et al. (Eds.), Hazards of primary care in
aging populations
(2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott.  

Editors are necessary when citing a chapter from an edited book with individual authors for each chapter, commonly referred to as anthologies.                                                   

Book with editor(s) and no
author
(Leonard & Crawford, 2002)                                       

Leonard W. R. & Crawford M. H. (Eds.). (2002). Human biology of pastoral populations. Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Editors and translators are required if no primary author can be determined.

Entry in a reference work,
with an editor and no author
("Relativity," 2005). Relativity. (2005). In B. Schulyer (Ed.), Psychological terms and meanings (2nd ed., Vol. 35, pp.
235-238). London, England: Bookies.

Book with No Author

 

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        
Book with no author, no editor

("The Theory of Care," 1978).

Titles of an article, chapter, or web page should be placed in double quotation marks. Titles of a periodical, book, report, or brochure should be italicized.

The theory of care. (1978). Hazards of primary care in aging populations (2nd ed.).  J.B. Lippincott.  

Place the title of the chapter or dictionary/encyclopedia entry in the author spot when there is no author.                                                   

Book with editor(s) and no author (referencing the entire book) (Leonard & Crawford, 2002)                                       

Leonard W. R. & Crawford M. H. (Eds.). (2002). Human biology of pastoral populations. Cambridge University Press.

Book with an editor(s) and no author (referencing a portion of the book) ("Relativity," 2005). Relativity. (2005). In B. Schulyer (Ed.), Psychological terms and meanings (2nd ed., Vol. 35, pp. 235-238). Bookies.
Book with Anonymous listed as the author

(Anonymous, 2005).

Note: In the rare case that "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name (Anonymous, 2001). In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.

Anonymous. (2005). Go ask Alice.  Simon Pulse.

Books with Organization as Author

Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        
Book with organization as author  

1st citation
(National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], 2009).

Subsequent citations
(NFPA, 2009).

National Fire Protection Association. (2009). Fundamentals of fire fighting skills (2nd ed.). Jones and Bartlett. 

Type out the full organization name for the reference list.                             

Book with the same organization as author and publisher

1st citation
(American Psychological Association [APA], 2009).

Subsequent citations
(APA, 2009).

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). American Psychological Association.

When the same organization is listed as the author and the publisher, include the group author as publisher in your reference list.