We are currently updating the information for each citation style to match the most recent editions. In the meantime, please refer directly to the following sources for the most up-to-date information on style usage.
The Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook will be coming in April 2021. The current citation guide reflects style usage from previous editions. Please refer to the MLA Style Center for updates on the new edition.
Chicago Manual of Style
On this guide you'll find quick, simple instructions for formatting your in-text citations, footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies or reference pages. Each entry has examples for you to follow as you format your own citations.
There are two pages per citation manual in this guide. One for citations (the way you refer to a source in the body of your paper) and one for references or bibliography (the way you list all the sources you used in your paper).
The citation manuals here include:
For excellent, detailed resources on all the different citation manuals go to the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL). It's an open, easy to use online resource with instructions and examples on how to use all the different citation manuals.
Beware of the cite feature on academic databases! This is a quick way to copy and paste citations into your paper, but you still need to double check that the citation is formatted correctly. This might include changing the case, italics, or quotations of the citation. Compare your copied citation from the databases with the examples on this guide to make sure it's correct!