Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Manuals

Citation Manual Updates

May 2021 Update

MLA Style

The MLA Style, Ninth edition was just published in April and we are still in the process of updating this guide. We hope to have it available Fall 2021 but in the meantime, please refer to the MLA Style Center for updates on the new edition or the OWL Purdue, MLA Style Guide for additional information. 

Citation Manuals

On this guide you'll find quick, simple instructions for formatting your in-text citations, footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies or reference pages. Each entry has examples for you to follow as you format your own citations.

There are two pages per citation manual in this guide. One for citations (the way you refer to a source in the body of your paper) and one for references or bibliography (the way you list all the sources you used in your paper). 

The citation manuals here include:

  • APA (American Psychological Association)
  • MLA (Modern Languages Association)
  • Chicago Manual of Style

For excellent, detailed resources on all the different citation manuals go to the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL). It's an open, easy to use online resource with instructions and examples on how to use all the different citation manuals.

Citing from Databases

Beware of the cite feature on academic databases! This is a quick way to copy and paste citations into your paper, but you still need to double check that the citation is formatted correctly. This might include changing the case, italics, or quotations of the citation. Compare your copied citation from the databases with the examples on this guide to make sure it's correct!