Empirical research articles are scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles that are based on data collected during the authors' real-life experiments or observations. They are primary research documents that contain either qualitative or quantitative research methods:
Several factors can help you decide whether or not an article is empirical:
College of Southern Maryland. CSM Library. (2018, Jan. 19). Empirical research article. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://libguides.csmd.edu/empirical_research
Pan, M. L. (2016). Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (5th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Penn State University Libraries. (2019, May 9). Empirical research in the social sciences and education. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://guides.libraries.psu.edu/emp
University of La Verne. Wilson Library. (2018, June 26). Identify empirical research articles. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://laverne.libguides.com/empirical-articles
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Dillon, F. R., Sheu, H.-B., Ebersole, R. C., Odera, L., Fons-Scheyd, A., & Spanierman, L. B. (2012). A dyadic study of multicultural counseling competence. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63(1), 57-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cou0000118
Kidd, S. A., Bajwa, J. K., McKenzie, K. J., Ganguli, R., & Khamneh, B. H. (2012). Cognitive remediation for individuals with psychosis in a supported education setting: A pilot study. Rehabilitation Research and Practice, 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/715176