Your variables come straight from your survey questions. Since your variables' names can't include spaces in the SPSS software, you'll want to give each one a shorthand name that clearly points back to the original question. For instance, "I enjoy eating ice cream" becomes "EnjoyEating."
Your values for each variable come straight from the possible answers to your survey questions (e.g., your Likert scale).
|Five-Point Likert Scale||Seven-Point Likert Scale|
|Very Unimportant||Strongly Agree|
|Somewhat Unimportant||Agree Somewhat|
|Neither Important Nor Unimportant||Agree|
|Somewhat Important||Neither Agree Nor Disagree|
In order to edit your variables, you'll need to make sure that you're looking at the Variable View tab in SPSS.
From here you can rename your variables, change their type, input their values, and make any other changes that you deem necessary.
When you return to the Data View tab, your dataset should now look similar to this one.
If you would rather see your Likert scale values instead of their numbers, then you can click on the Value Labels button near the top of the SPSS screen.
And now you're now ready to run some analyses on your data!
You can continue with this tutorial by clicking on the Descriptive Analysis link below.