Video Source: "Picking Your Topic is Research," NC state University Libraries, https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/videos/picking-your-topic-is-research
Choosing a Research Topic from Florida Gulf Coast University Library.
Seneca Libraries: How Do I Narrow Down My Research Topic? A helpful FAQ from Seneca Libraries with tips on narrowing down a research topic.
Selecting and Narrowing a Topic: From the Indiana University Libraries' Research Essentials guide.
Literature Review Guide from the University of West Florida: https://libguides.uwf.edu/litreview
All Subject Databases from the GALILEO portal:
For Specific Subjects:
Empirical research articles are scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles that are based on data collected during the authors' real-life experiments or observations. They are primary research documents that contain either qualitative or quantitative research methods:
College of Southern Maryland. CSM Library. (2018, Jan. 19). Empirical research article. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://libguides.csmd.edu/empirical_research
Pan, M. L. (2016). Preparing literature reviews: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (5th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Penn State University Libraries. (2019, May 9). Empirical research in the social sciences and education. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://guides.libraries.psu.edu/emp
University of La Verne. Wilson Library. (2018, June 26). Identify empirical research articles. Retrieved July 15, 2019, from https://laverne.libguides.com/empirical-articles
Refine your research topic to an answerable question that is innovative, clearly defined, and focused on problem resolution. Your question should include distinct concepts for analysis and not be too broad or too narrow in scope.
A research question framework such as PICO or PEO can help you develop your research question. The framework can help you develop your research question by asking who, what, where, and when.
Once you have established an answerable research question, determine your question’s research need. Does your question address a "gap" within the literature? Does it address a larger societal impact or importance? If not, you may have to formulate a new or modified question.
To assess your topic’s research need, conduct a preliminary literature search in at least one appropriate database. Based on search results, refine your topic by either addressing a related unanswered question, choosing another population, or shifting to another topic altogether.
Source: Adapted from "Research, Writing and Publishing: Review Scholarly Literature," The Maguire Medical Library, Florida State University
PEO Research Question Framework
PEO: Simple framework for many types of qualitative research questions.
Example research question: In teenage girls, is there an association between social media use and the development of anxiety disorders?
Forming Focused Questions from PICO, University of North Carolina Libraries: https://guides.lib.unc.edu/pico/frameworks
Framing a Research Question, University of Maryland Libraries: https://lib.guides.umd.edu/SR/research_question
Before searching databases, break your research topic/question into key words and concepts.
Example Research Question
How do social networking sites impact the mental health of adolescents?
Concept + Key Words
|Social Networking||Adolescents||Mental Health|
|social media, Meta, TikTok, Twitter, X...||teens, teenagers, preteen, high school...||mental illness, depression, anxiety, suicide...|