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Research Guide: Websites


Material Type           In-text Citation              Reference                                                        

When citing websites; cite books, journals, magazines, and newspapers the same as you would a print source, then add a retrieval statement. The retrieval statement says Retrieved from Do not end the reference with a period as readers may think it is a portion of the URL. The URL you use should be to the home page of the website rather than the direct URL to the article or book. The APA Style Blog specifies that URLs within the reference list can be "live."

General Format:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of webpage. Retrieved from URL

Organization Name. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of webpageRetrieved from URL

Online book

(Nevitte, 1996).

Nevitte, N. (1996). The decline of deference: Canadian value change in cross-national perspective. Retrieved from                                  

Online newspaper article

(Bolivar, 2011).


Bolivar, L. (2011, January 13). Treasure coast bird count shows decline of species unable to adapt to urbanization. TC Palm. Retrieved from

Online journal article (MacLeod, 2009).

MacLeod, A. J. (2009). On integer relations between the area and perimeter of Heron triangles. Forum Geometricorum, 9, 41-46. Retrieved from


Non-periodical/non-book webpage (The Kodish Group, 2008).

The Kodish Group. (2008). Teeth whitening services. Retrieved from

Give the direct URL when citing a single webpage.

Non-periodical/non-book website ("Henry Schein dental," n.d.).

Henry Schein dental. (n.d.). Retrieved from 

Give the URL to the website's homepage when citing more than one page of a website.

Blog posting (Christina, 2011). Christina. (2011, January 12). {New year} projects to keep me on my toes! [Web Blog post]. Retrieved from



Goodwin, 2011).  

Goodwin, M. S. (2011). U.S. civil service in the United Kingdom (Report No. 20-2015-109). Retrieved from