Skip to main content

Biology and Laboratory Science

A guide to biology resources for TU students and faculty.

APA Style Tips

APA Style was developed by social and behavioral scientists to standardize scientific writing.


APA research papers are divided into sections.  To view a sample paper go here.

An APA Literature Review will contain the following:

  1. Title Page
    1. The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.
    2. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
    3. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial(s), and last name.
    4. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the location where the author(s) conducted the research.
  2. Introduction.
    1. The introduction presents the problem that the paper addresses. It should start on the same page as the Literature Review.
  3. List of References.
    1. Start on a new page with the title "References" centered; do not underline or italicize. All citations in the paper should have a reference on this page.

 

An APA Experimental Report will contain the following:

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Method
  5. Results
  6. Discussion
  7. References
  8. Appendices

Citing references in-text follow the author-date model:

Kessler (2003) found that among epidemiological samples . . .

In 2003, Kessler's study of epidemiological samples found . . .

Several studies (Miller, 1999; Shafranske & Mahoney, 1998) . . .


 The Reference List

Citations are listed here in order of author's surname and the hanging indent style is used with double-spacing. For example:

Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The Science of

Subjective Well-Being (pp.17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Credit to the Purdue OWL for some of the content.